|Headline: HK government cancels Touch-Base Policy as of midnight (October 26, 1980)|
Before 1949, people could move freely between Hong Kong (then a British colony) and China. But with the Chinese Civil War, waves of refugees from China rushed to Hong Kong. The population of Hong Kong increased almost three-fold in just five years between 1945 and 1950. The sudden large increase in population posed a huge problem. A heavy strain was put on public utilities, such as housing, education and social services.
Famous people who immigrated to HK during this time: Ha Yu, Kara Hui, Lo Hoi PangIn 1974, the Hong Kong government introduced the Touch-Base Policy (抵壘政策), which stated that immigrants who reached the city and connected (ie. "touched base") with their relatives, could apply for Hong Kong residency. Those who were caught at the borders were sent back to China immediately.
The rationale behind the policy is that if the immigrants continued to live in Hong Kong with an illegal status, they would enter the black market for labour or participate in criminal activities. Moreover, the immigrants could serve as a source of cheap labour for the thriving industries.
|Anyone who made it past Boundary Street was considered to have reached urban territory. |
However, the Touch-Base Policy did nothing to stop the influx of immigrants. If anything, it may have encouraged people to make repeated attempts to get to Hong Kong. In October 1980, the government abolished the Touch-Base Policy. Immigrants who had arrived before October 23 were given a three-day grace period to register for Hong Kong identity. After that, illegal immigrants were subjected to repatriation upon arrest.
|Headline: HK government reminds residents over age 15 to carry their identity cards|
Thanks for the insight! Since Edwin's younger self is not 15 yet, couldn't he have just stayed in Hong Kong for a little while since they wouldn't ask him for his identity card?ReplyDelete
Hmm, good point. I'm not sure about that. But I guess once he reaches 15, he can't stay anymore.Delete
I am not from China / Hong Kong making me unaware of its history. May I know why China people flock to Hong Kong? It is for better livelihood?ReplyDelete
China was undergoing a lot of changes at this time that made life in China miserable. There was the Chinese Civil War that resumed in 1946. The Cultural Revolution, started in 1966, was an attempt to get rid of capitalism in China. The death of Mao Zedong in 1976 led to political instability.Delete
Since HK was ruled by Britain, people wanted to go there for a better life. HK accepted immigrants not just for the reasons I stated above, but also from a humanitarian standpoint. In 1978, China’s political situation finally began to ease up and this made the HK government more comfortable in their decision to reject immigrants.
This is sooooo interesting!! Thankyou sooooo much!! Would you mind writing more historical posts? There is so much history to learn from brother's keeper.ReplyDelete
Will try to :)Delete
I agree. This was very interesting! I kind of knew why it is used, but not how it came to be. I hope there will be more articles like this.Delete
This procedure always seemed sensible to me in the context of public safety. Not sure why so many people have problems with it.
is the link on watching this programme still available? I am writing an essay on this issue and would like to have some primary sources to make reference :) thank youReplyDelete
Try icdrama.se and search for "Brother's Keeper". I believe this particular issue was mentioned in episode 2.Delete